European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine; 47(4):561-8
By Picelli A., Ledro G., Turrina A., Stecco C., Santilli V., Smania N.
BACKGROUND: Whiplash associated disorders commonly affect people after a motor vehicle accident, causing a variety of disabling manifestations. Some manual and physical approaches have been proposed to improve myofascial function after traumatic injuries, in order to effectively reduce pain and functional limitation.
AIM: To evaluate whether the application of the Fascial Manipulation© technique could be more effective than a conventional approach to improve cervical range of motion in patients with subacute whiplash associated disorders.
DESIGN: Pilot randomized clinical trial.
METHODS: Eighteen patients with subacute whiplash associated disorders were randomized into two groups. Group A (N.=9) received three, 30-minute sessions, (every five days during a two week period) of neck Fascial Manipulation©. Group B (N.=9) received ten, 30-minute sessions (five days a week for two consecutive weeks) of neck exercises plus mobilization. Patients were evaluated before, immediately after and two weeks post-treatment. Primary outcome measures: cervical active range of motion (flexion, extension, right lateral-flexion, left lateral-flexion, right rotation, and left rotation).
RESULTS: A statistically significant improvement in neck flexion was found after treatment in favour of Group A (60.2±10.8°) compared with Group B (46.3±15.1°). No differences were found between groups for the other primary outcomes at post-treatment or follow-up.
CONCLUSION: The Fascial Manipulation© technique may be a promising method to improve cervical range of motion in patients with subacute whiplash associated disorders.
CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: Myofascial techniques may be useful for improving treatment of subacute whiplash associated disorders also reducing their economic burden.
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